Der Gastvortrag wird die Themen Traum und indigene Literatur behandeln und dabei auch auf die Traumvisionen von Black Elk, einem Medizinmann aus Oglala Lakota, eingehen:
Claiming an endorsement by a dream visitation from Matsu, Taiwan’s most popular deity and a patroness of the sea, Terry Gou, a Taiwanese billionaire businessman and the founder of Foxconn, ran for the candidacy in 2019 for Taiwan’s 15th president. Dreams are believed to be spiritually connected and revealing nowadays as well as in the past, in Taiwan as well as in many places. With this anecdote for a point of departure this paper will research into the divinatory dream and the visionary dream in indigenous traditions and literature in which important dreams are believed to be spiritual visitations. The paper will first adumbrate the typology of the dream and explore the divinatory dream in particular with citations and texts in Chinese dream tradition and Taiwan indigenous literature by Husluman Vava, Topas Tamapima, and Neqou Soqluman. It will then explore the visionary dream in Black Elk Speaks, treating the visionary type as an extension of the divinatory one. Black Elk’s “great vision” in a coma for 12 days and its enactment 8 years later into a magnificent performance involving all in his tribespeople demonstrate the flow of cosmic energy albeit in Lakota symbolism. The dream narrative is captivating, and the dream performance is no less powerful from the communication theory of dreaming developed by Barbara Tedlock and colleagues. Such dream-sharing will also be compared with the performative aspect in the dream theory of transpersonal psychology. A comparative platform is thus built to approach divinatory and visionary dreams, two closely related dream types, across nations and cultures.
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